Landlords may wield a great deal of power over their tenants, yet with that power comes a ton of duty, as well.
Landlord-tenant laws vary by city and regions, so we can’t furnish you with a total guide to your landlord’s obligations. In any case, there are a few necessities that you, as a tenant, can expect to find in a standard lease or rental agreement.
So in case you’re a tenant and need to know what your landlord can (and should!) do for you in return for that monthly rent, then check out this rundown of common landlord responsibilities you should know.
- 1. Provide the tenant ‘safe and habitable’ living conditions
- 2. Notify the tenant before entering the premises
- 3. Address property maintenance in a timely manner
- 4. Give tenant advance notice before raising rent
- 5. Provide personal contact information to the tenant
- 6. Follow eviction laws
- 7. Return security deposits to tenants promptly
1. Provide the tenant ‘safe and habitable’ living conditions
While language differs, “safe and habitable” is typically how rent contracts describe the required condition of the property. More explicitly, the Landlord must give occupants a sterile rental that is free of water or gas leakage, mold, and some other perilous materials and meets safety codes.
2. Notify the tenant before entering the premises
As a new tenant, you need privacy in your rented property. Thusly, numerous states expect Landlords to give tenants 24 or 48 hours’ notice before entering the rented property. Typically, the notice should be made in writing and give the particular date and time when the landlord hopes to visit.
Without a doubt, there are exemptions: A landlord may enter the rental in the account of a crisis, for example, a fire, major water leak, or considerable water-related damage (e.g., broken windows as a result of a thunderstorm).
3. Address property maintenance in a timely manner
The landlord commits to keep the dwelling unit and common areas in great working condition for the tenant consistently. These duties involve not only important fixes to plumbing and heating but also keeping real kitchen appliances, for example, a refrigerator, oven, and stove in decent shape.
At the point when health codes have been broken or repair issues emerge, the rental contract often requires the landlord to fix the rental property issue within 48 or 72 hours—or give the occupant temporary lodging if the property is uninhabitable (e.g., after a heavy flood or infestation). Little fixes, for example, replacing a broken lightbulb are typically the tenant’s obligation.
4. Give tenant advance notice before raising rent
Most rent agreements empower landlords to increase rent on a rental when the rent expires. In any case, the agreement typically states that the landlord must furnish the tenant with at least 30 to 60 days’ notice before the increase in rent. Some countries have rent control, which can put a cap on how much or how regularly a landlord can increase the rent within a given 12-month span.
5. Provide personal contact information to the tenant
Standard rent agreement typically expects landlords to give tenants their immediate telephone and email address, to use in the event of emergencies. However, if there is an assigned property manager or property management company, this landlords responsibilities/requirement is normally deferred.
6. Follow eviction laws
Every country has a legislature commanded eviction process, which spells out what steps landlords must take so as to evict a tenant; a few countries have extra eviction prerequisites. Landlords normally should give a 30-or 60-days written notice to the tenant prior to eviction. They should likewise utilize appropriate eviction forms.
7. Return security deposits to tenants promptly
The law in Ghana commonly gives the landlord a 30-to 60-day due date for returning the security deposit after a tenant moves out. Most rent contracts require the landlord to complete walk-through when the tenant moves out of the property to inspect for damage.
You’ll need to be available for the walk-through since the landlord’s evaluation will decide if you’ll get your full or partial security deposit. Since certain leases express that the landlord can’t charge the tenant for “ordinary wear and tear,” you ought to get an explanation from the landlord on what this implies—and this way, you’ll have a better shot of getting the entire security deposit back.